[whatwg] Mathematics in HTML5
whitelynx at operamail.com
Wed Jun 7 01:39:20 PDT 2006
James Graham wrote:
> They have to use LaTeX to prepare documents
> for publication,
> it is the only language they know for typesetting
> mathematics and, in general, the web is not their major target medium.
However, for current markup proposal, web is major target medium,
which means that if markup will not be suitable for rendering in web browsers
then proposal is pointless.
> LaTeX generated websites tend to be html representations of lecture
> notes or papers that are primarily designed for consumption in paper or
> PDF formats. So the html version only exists at all because it is
> relatively little effort to produce it in addition to the main
> publication format. When that is not the case, there will simply be no
> html version provided.
This is partly true. However we can't do much here.
Complexity of task of tranforming LaTeX to XML+CSS depends only on LaTeX, XML and CSS,
if it is complex it is complex regardless current proposal, if it is easy then it is easy regardless our efforts.
Current proposal is intended to mirror existing niche in XML+CSS framework and provide approprietely
documented markup suitable for usage on web. Choosing completely different approach would require
browsers to implement something that goes far beyound existing capabilities of their rendering engines
and current scope of web standards, and would turn proposal into yet another long and sad story
of mythical mathematical markup born to save the earth, but being blocked by evil browser developers
failed to fullfil its mission.
> My point throughout is that if you want people to use the language then
> backwards compatibility is key.
Backward compatibility will be provided exactly as defined in the position paper
submitted by Opera and Mozilla that represents the fundamental principles
upon which the WHAT working group intends to operate:
BACKWARDS COMPATIBILITY, CLEAR MIGRATION PATH
Web application technologies should be based on technologies authors are familiar with,
Basic Web application features should be implementable using behaviors, scripting, and style sheets in IE6 today
so that authors have a clear migration path. Any solution that cannot be used with the current high-market-share
user agent without the need for binary plug-ins is highly unlikely to be successful.
> I seem to have to keep
> repeating this point that compatibility with existing technology is
Very well, our points of view are very close.
> The existing technology in the field of mathematical authoring is LaTeX.
Think about existing technology for web delivery of scientific content.
This is the area where all the problems come from.
> So, if one wanted to make life
> easy for LaTeX authors who envisioned targeting the web, one could
> provide a package that would add some mapping onto the more semantic
> constructs of the target language.
This is absolutely realistic, and seems to be the only way to reduce loss of valuable data
during conversion from LaTeX based authoring format to HTML based web delivery format (still suitable for direct authoring).
> I see no point in wasting time designing a document markup language that
> will be roundly ignored by ~100% of the people creating content.
Keep in mind that apart of authoring current proposal has to take into account other issues including web delivery.
If authoring is the end of story, then paper and pen are more then sufficient.
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